Equivalent fractions
Equivalent fractions are fractions that name the same number. The fractions and name the same number, 1.  
To name an equivalent fraction, multiply the fraction by a fractional name for the number 1, for example :  
Examples  
1)
2)
3)


Equivalent fractions are also used when adding and subtracting unlike fractions:  
Example  


First: Find a common multiple of 4 and 3. Since 12 is a common multiple, it can be used as a denominator for both fractions.  
Next: Express and as equivalent fractions that have a denominator of 12.  


Finally: Add the fractions together now that they have a common denominator:  

Also called equal fractions.
See also equal.