Equivalent fractions

Equivalent fractions are fractions that name the same number. The fractions and name the same number, 1.
To name an equivalent fraction, multiply the fraction by a fractional name for the number 1, for example :
Examples
1)
2)
3)
 
Equivalent fractions are also used when adding and subtracting unlike fractions:
Example
First: Find a common multiple of 4 and 3. Since 12 is a common multiple, it can be used as a denominator for both fractions.
Next: Express and as equivalent fractions that have a denominator of 12.
and
Finally: Add the fractions together now that they have a common denominator:

Also called equal fractions.

See also equal.