Latitude is a distance north or south of the equator. This distance is measured in degrees (°).
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The equator is 0° latitude, the North Pole is 90° north latitude, and the South Pole is 90° south latitude.
Both Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA), and Bordeaux, France, are located about 45° north latitude. This latitude is halfway between the equator and the North Pole.
See also degree, longitude.